What are the lubrication systems used in IC engines?

What are the different types of lubrication system of IC engine?

(i) Fluid lubricants (Which include oil) (ii) Semi fluid lubricants (Which include grease and heavy) (iii) Solid lubricants (Which include graphite, mica etc).

What is lubrication system of IC engine?

Lubrication is the action of applying a substance such as oil or grease to an engine or component so as to minimize friction and allow smooth movement. Lubrication System. Lubricating system is a mechanical system of lubricating internal combustion engines in which a pump forces oil into the engine bearings.

Which parts are lubricated in IC engine?

Critical engine parts for lubrication

  • Turbocharger. A turbocharger increases the engine’s efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber. …
  • Piston and liners. The engine block consists of the cylinder liners, pistons and rings. …
  • Crankcase.

Which lubrication system is best for IC engine?

Mineral oil is the most commonly employed liquid lubricant and is used in general purpose machineries and engines. It is obtained after refining petroleum oil. In case of sliding surface such as piston/cylinder the lubricating oil is scraped off by the motion of the oil control ring.

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Which fuel is used in IC engine?

Gasolines are the main fuel for spark-ignition internal combustion engines (Otto engines), diesel fuels are for compression ignition internal combustion engines (diesel engines), marine fuels are for shipping, and aviation turbine fuels (JET fuels) are used for aviation turbines.

What parts of car need lubrication?

Here are five lubricants that are essential to the good health of your car, truck, or SUV.

  • Engine Oil. Engine oil manages temperatures and reduces wear, extending the life of your engine. …
  • Transmission Fluid. A vehicle’s transmission is an incredibly complex mechanism. …
  • The Chassis. …
  • Doors & Hatches. …
  • Fuel Pumps.

What is forced lubrication system?

Forced feed or pressure lubrication system. In this system, the oil is pumped directly to the crankshaft, connecting rod, piston pin, timing gears and camshaft of the engine through suitable paths of oil as shown in fig. 6.2.

What is the best purpose of lubrication in an engine Why?

Lubricating System

The lubrication primarily decreases the power required to overcome friction and reduces wear between the rubbings and bearing surfaces, thereby increases the power output and the engine service life, and avoids seizure and serious damage of the components.

What are the 5 types of lubricants?

There are 4 types of lubricants: Oil, Grease, Penetrating Lubricants, and Dry Lubricants. The 2 most common lubricants you’ll be dealing with daily are oil and grease, however, your facility will still be using dry and penetrating lubricants.

What are 3 common lubricants?

There are three main types of lubricants: oil-based, water-based, and silicone-based.

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What is the main purpose of the lubricant?

The primary purpose of lubrication is to reduce wear and heat between contacting surfaces in relative motion.